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Jordan Valley Authority > Efficient Water Resources Management

 Efficient Water Resources Management

The Jordan Valley Authority JVA was established in 1977 with a mandate for the integrated development of the Jordan valley encompassing all aspects of life. In 1988 the JVA became part of the Ministry of Water and Irrigation MWI.
The Jordan Valley Authority manages, and protects water and land resources and their supporting infrastructure in the Jordan Valley in an environmentally and economically sound manner, in the Jordanian national interest, through creating partnership with the private sector where appropriate.
Empowered by its special law, JVA was representing the Jordanian Government in the valley with a broad spectrum of authority and administrative and financial autonomy to perform its activities in an untraditional manner.
During the last 30 years, JVA completed numerous infrastructure projects including electricity, communications, roads, schools, health centers, government and residential buildings, in addition to its core activities in land and water resources development.
The population in the Valley increased substantially from 70,000 in the early 1970's to 30,000 inhabitants to date. Land was reclaimed and divided into irrigated farm units. Around 10,000 farm units, each with an area of 30-40 dunums, were distributed to farmers.
Water resources were developed through the construction of dams, King Abdullah canal and pressurized irrigation networks.
Presently, JVA is focusing its efforts on water and land resources development, management and protection, in addition to tourism development and promotion in the Jordan Valley. 
• Six dams were constructed in the northern and middle ghors with a storage capacity of 160 mcm. The six dams include: Wadi Arab, Ziglab, King Talal, Karameh, Shueib, and Kafrien.
• Three other dams: Tannour, Wala and Mujib were constructed in the southern ghors with a total storage capacity of 57.5 mcm.
• Wehda dam is being constructed at the Yarmouk river to store 110 mcm for domestic and irrigation purposes.
• King Abdullah Canal was expanded to reach 110 Kms.
• Irrigation projects were constructed to irrigate a total area of 360,000 dunums.

Consecutive droughts and increased water demand on fresh water for domestic use have necessitated the efficient management of water resources.
A modern Water Management Information System WMIS and a Dynamic Regulation and SCADA system help JVA to manage its water resources including KAC efficiently.
Marginal water (Brackish and Reclaimed) is being increasingly used in irrigation to compensate for the shortage in fresh water. Guidelines are being prepared for its use in agriculture in an environmentally safe and economically viable manner.
Farmers are advised to introduce modern technology through pilot projects to improve on-farm water use efficiency. They are encouraged to participate in the water distribution activities through water user associations, which resulted in the reduction of illegal water use and unaccounted for water.