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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan


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RED SEA DEAD SEA PROJECT
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 WD 05 JRSP Project Summary - April 2011

1.1 Introduction

The Jordan Red Sea Project (JRSP, Project, or JRSP Project) is a water infrastructure
and economic development project designed to assist the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan establish water independence by developing
a long-term and stable water supply. The JRSP Project involves the financing, planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of
a water conveyance and treatment system from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea and to Amman with large scale desalination of seawater for Jordan and other regional interests. Excess seawater and desalination brine will be discharged to the Dead Sea. Hydropower stations, to the extent possible, will be used to help off-set the large energy needs of the project. The JRSP Project will be implemented by a unique Public Private Partnership (PPP). The private component of the PPP, known as the JRSP Company, will be the operating body responsible to execute, construct, manage, maintain, and operate the JRSP. The JRSP Company will be organized under authority granted by Jordanian laws and constitutional authority.The JRSP Company will implement a broad-based economic development program in Jordan to support adequate project financing and provide a reasonable rate of return to JRSP Company investors. The economic development program will stimulate economic growth and provide the freshwater demands needed for long-term sustainability of the JRSP water supply.

1.2 Jordan’s Water Needs
The country of Jordan has been suffering from a lack of freshwater for decades. While the population continues to grow, Jordan’s already over-extended natural water resources continue to diminish. Jordan is the 4th driest nation in the world and as of 2009, the availability of freshwater water per capita was 145 cubic meters per year (m3/yr) which is far below the 500 m3/yr recognized as the international water poverty line.1 As of 2007, Jordan has annual freshwater resources of 867 million cubic meters per year (mcm/yr) with a total demand of 1,505 mcm/yr, creating a demand deficit of 638 mcm/yr. By the year 2040, this deficit is anticipated to be nearly doubled if a solution is not found and implemented. While the Government of Jordan (GoJ) has invested in building reservoirs, surface water collection, and groundwater extraction systems in recent years to meet population and industry water demands, the water resources  An active new critical water resource project in Jordan is the Disi Pipeline which is scheduled to deliver 100 mcm/yr of freshwater by 2012. Despite the Disi Pipeline and other improvements to water infrastructure and water management, the GoJ requires a sustainable, long-term water supply source. For Jordan, the most logical source of available water on a consistent basis is the Red Sea.

1.3 JRSP Concept
The JRSP is a much-needed project necessary to secure future and longterm water supplies for the Jordanian people. For many years, politicians and engineers have discussed the possibility of constructing a Red Sea to Dead Sea water conveyance project to supply Jordan and potential regional neighbors with desalinated water. However, little progress was made in establishing the financial means to carry out such a project because the
capital and operational costs for the required water infrastructure were anticipated to exceed the amount of potential water related revenues that
could be collected through conventional cost recovery methods. However, by phasing the capital infrastructure project and combining the phasing
plan with an economic growth and development program, it is possible torealize such a project....... For more details click here